Onset of Southwest Monsoon from Kerala and advance into most parts of Northeast India from the 30th May, 2024 & it’s Significance

The Southwest Monsoon’s onset over Kerala is a significant meteorological event, marking the beginning of the rainy season in India. This event typically occurs in early June, but it can vary slightly each year. Here’s a detailed look at what this means and its implications:

Significance of the Southwest Monsoon

1. **Agriculture**:

The monsoon is crucial for agriculture in India, as it provides the majority of the annual rainfall required for crops. The onset in Kerala marks the beginning of the agricultural season.

2. **Water Resources**

Monsoon rains replenish water reservoirs, rivers, and groundwater, essential for drinking water and irrigation.

3. **Economy**:

A good monsoon season can boost the economy by improving agricultural output, which supports rural incomes and demand for goods and services.

Current Situation as of 30th May, 2024

1. **Onset over Kerala**

The India Meteorological Department (IMD) has announced that the Southwest Monsoon has officially set in over Kerala.

2. **Advancement into Northeast India**

The monsoon has also advanced into most parts of Northeast India, including states such as Assam, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, and Tripura.

Meteorological Details

1. **Winds and Clouds**

The monsoon’s onset is characterized by strong westerly winds in the lower atmosphere and an increase in cloud cover over Kerala and adjoining areas.

2. **Rainfall Patterns**

The beginning of the monsoon brings widespread, heavy rainfall to Kerala and the Northeastern states, leading to a significant drop in temperatures and high humidity.

3. **Pressure Systems**

The monsoon advances due to the formation of low-pressure areas over the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea, which draw moist air inland.

Implications for Various Regions

1. **Kerala**

This region will experience continuous rainfall, which is vital for planting crops like rice, rubber, and spices.

2. **Northeast India**

These states will see heavy rainfall, essential for tea plantations and other crops. However, it can also lead to flooding and landslides in vulnerable areas.

3. **Rest of India**

The monsoon will gradually advance northwards and westwards, bringing relief from the summer heat and crucial rains to central and northern India.

Preparedness and Warnings

1. **IMD Advisories**

The IMD will continue to issue updates and warnings about heavy rainfall, potential flooding, and landslides.

2. **State Readiness**

States typically prepare for the monsoon by clearing drainage systems, reinforcing infrastructure, and readying disaster response teams.

Expected Progress-


The monsoon will likely cover southern and eastern India, including Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, and West Bengal.


The monsoon is expected to reach central and northern India, including Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, and the national capital, Delhi.


By this time, the monsoon usually covers the entire country, bringing rainfall to Rajasthan, Gujarat, Punjab, and Haryana.

Impact on Daily Life

1. **Travel and Transportation**

Heavy rains can disrupt road, rail, and air travel. People should be prepared for delays and plan accordingly.

2. **Health**

The onset of the monsoon season can lead to an increase in waterborne diseases. It’s important to ensure safe drinking water and practice good hygiene.

3. **Utilities**

Power outages can become more frequent due to storms and flooding, so having backups like batteries and generators can be helpful.The onset and advancement of the Southwest Monsoon are critical for India’s environment and economy, and keeping abreast of IMD updates can help in planning and preparation.

Exe Editor Rahul Sambyal✍️